News item

Belgium adopts National Security Strategy

For the first time in history, our country will have an integrated National Security Strategy. The National Security Council approved the new national security framework today. The new strategy describes trends, determines Belgium's vital interests, focuses on preventing risks and threats and sets out solutions.

"The threats we face as a country are becoming increasingly complex, partly due to the rise of cyber attacks and fake news in recent years. At the same time, conflicts on Europe's borders promote terrorism and migration flows. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown how much the resilience of our structures can be tested. We must have a clear and detailed vision that focuses on the threats and the risks to the vital interests of our country. This new National Security Strategy should prepare us for the worst, help us anticipate events and enable us to respond better, which will ultimately strengthen our national resilience," said Prime Minister Alexander De Croo.

A broad focus on security

The new National Security Strategy defines six vital interests, which, in addition to security issues, also include the risks and challenges related to climate change.

                1.Protecting the achievements of the democratic state and its shared values

                2.Physical security of citizens and the physical integrity of our country

                3.The natural environment of our country

                4.Economic prosperity

                5.International rule of law

                6.The effective functioning of the European Union

Since Belgium is one of the most open countries in the world and our vision of security is not limited to the defence of our interests but also of universal values, no distinction was made between internal and external threats.

This integrated approach provides a general framework within which certain areas of activity are further developed or can be developed.

Aligning our strengths

The coalition agreement contained the requirement of developing a National Security Strategy, which is a first for our country.

It took a year to develop the broad outlines of this strategy, calling on the talent and expertise of the administration. 

Academia, the private sector and civil society also made a broad contribution to better identify key security trends, associated risks and threats and existing or future solutions.

Long-term resilience

The new National Security Strategy adopted by the National Security Council on Wednesday aims to develop a true culture of security, in which greater awareness of risks and threats is linked to the safeguarding of our interests.

All governments and bodies in the National Security Council will be responsible for its implementation. The strategy will be coordinated by the Chancellery of the Prime Minister.

A regular evaluation of this implementation is provided for, in order to ensure the resilience of Belgium on an ongoing basis.

The National Security Strategy as a whole should also be re-evaluated at the beginning of each government period.

Click here to read the integral National Security Strategy (PDF)